The freedom to roam in Sweden

The Swedish Freedom to Roam is fantastic! It makes it possible for everyone to practice outdoor life and move freely and easily in nature. But the right of public access also entails obligations. We who take advantage of the possibilities of the right of public access and stay in nature also need to take into account nature and wildlife, landowners and other visitors.

The freedom to roam is a unique opportunity. It gives you the right to move almost anywhere in nature, as long as you do not disturb or destroy. This means that there are plenty of opportunities for an experiential outdoor life in Sweden, regardless of whether you go for a walk, kayak, climb mountains or just sit on a rock and think. It gives you the opportunity to be on someone else's land without permission and is a prerequisite for us to be able to be in nature with great freedom.

Works if everyone takes responsibility
Outdoor life has changed. In the past, the nature experience was the most important thing, today more and more focus is placed on activities in nature. This increases wear. The right of public access works if everyone takes responsibility for assessing what is appropriate right here and now, by reading the landscape and assessing the situation. Different activities, places and times determine what you can do or not. Together, it is our common responsibility to use this old custom with care. Therefore, it is important to find out what rights and obligations are included in the right of public access.

What applies?
In short, thanks to the right of public access, you can move almost anywhere in nature, as long as you do not disturb or destroy. Show concern for plant, animal and bird life and respect the residents and other visitors at the destination. Pay attention to local rules, access bans and rules of procedure. Consideration and reflection are two overarching keywords.

Some concrete examples of rights and obligations:

If you take your dog to a protected area, it must be tethered.

Leave ancient monuments, blocks and stones untouched, do not stack piles of stones in the cobblestone fields.

Make a fire only in a designated place, think of the danger of fire and extinguish it carefully after you.

Do not cycle over land, planting or land that can be easily damaged.

Hunting and fishing are not generally included in the right of public access.

You can camp for a few days in nature, but choose a place that is not close to residential buildings.

You can walk, run or ski almost anywhere in nature. With the landowner's permission, you can also place controls for orientation in the forest and land.

You can pick wild-growing flowers, berries and mushrooms in nature, but some plants are protected and you are not allowed to pick them. Special rules apply in national parks and nature reserves.

Show special consideration during certain times of the year, for example when the animals have their young.

Common areas are for everyone, so show consideration by leaving the place in a well-kept condition and bring all rubbish home.

Read more
This was a brief summary of the right of public access. Complete information is available at

Source: Naturvårdsverket